Asymmetries between victims' and transgressors' perspectives following interpersonal transgressions

Adams, G (2016) Asymmetries between victims' and transgressors' perspectives following interpersonal transgressions. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 10 (12). pp. 722-735. ISSN 1751-9004

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When interpersonal transgressions occur, the involved parties try to understand what occurred and how justice should be restored. However, research has documented that victims and transgressors often diverge in their accounts of what transpired. In this paper, I review and summarize empirical research on victims’ and transgressors’ asymmetric perceptions of interpersonal transgressions, and the different justice-restoring responses each party subsequently desires. By conceptualizing transgressions in terms of the social roles of victim and transgressor, I contend that justice responses can be thought of as attempts to correct inequitable distributions of material and symbolic resources. This social exchange perspective enables us to understand each parties’ motives and how various justice responses might satisfy them. I argue that because of these asymmetric perspectives, reconciliation is difficult and conflict is liable to be perpetuated rather than resolved.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: S > Social roles
P > Punishment
Subject Areas: Organisational Behaviour
DOI: 10.1111/spc3.12291/full
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2016 11:33
Last Modified: 20 Feb 2017 16:21

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