Pricing and capacity allocation for shared services

Kostami, V and Kostamis, D and Ziya, S (2017) Pricing and capacity allocation for shared services. Manufacturing & Service Operations Management (MOSM), 19 (2). pp. 230-245. ISSN 1526-5498

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We study the pricing and capacity allocation problem of a service provider who serves two distinct customer classes. Customers within each class are inherently heterogeneous in their willingness to pay for service, but their utilities are also affected by the presence of other customers in the system. Specifically, customer utilities depend on how many customers are in the system at the time of service as well as who these other customers are. We find that if the service provider can price discriminate between customer classes, pricing out a class, i.e., operating an exclusive system, can sometimes be optimal and that depends only on classes’ perceptions of each other. If the provider must charge a single price, an exclusive system is even more likely. We extend our analysis to a service provider who can prevent class interaction by allocating separate capacity segments to the two customer classes. Under price discrimination, allocating capacity is optimal if the “net appreciation” between classes, as defined in the paper, is negative. However, under a single–price policy, allocating capacity can be optimal even if this net appreciation is positive. We describe in detail how the nature of asymmetry in classes’ perception of each other determines the optimal strategy.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2016 INFORMS
Subjects: P > Pricing
C > Capacity management
Subject Areas: Management Science and Operations
DOI: 10.1287/msom.2016.0606
Date Deposited: 20 Oct 2016 15:23
Last Modified: 18 May 2017 13:52

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