Individual and contextual determinants of regional variation in prescription drug use: an analysis of administrative data from British Columbia

Morgan, S G and Cunningham, C and Hanley, G E (2010) Individual and contextual determinants of regional variation in prescription drug use: an analysis of administrative data from British Columbia. PLoS One.

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Official URL: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.137...

Abstract

Methods We conducted a cross-sectional analysis using population-based administrative health care data for British Columbia (BC), Canada. We used logistic and hierarchical regressions to analyze the effects of individual- and area-level determinants of use of prescriptions overall and rates of purchase of prescriptions from five therapeutic categories representing a range of indications: antihypertensives, statins, acid reducing drugs, opioid drugs, and antidepressants. To indicate the relative scale of regional variations and the importance of individual- and area-level variables in explaining them, we computed standardized rates of utilization for 49 local health areas in BC. Results We found that characteristics of individuals and the areas in which they live affect likelihood of prescription drug purchase. Individual-level factors influenced prescription drug purchases in ways generally consistent with behavioral models of health services use. Contextual variables exerted influences that differed by type of drug studied. Population health, education levels, and ethnic composition of local areas were associated with significant differences in the likelihood of purchasing medications. Relatively modest regional variations remained after both individual-level and area-level determinants were taken into account. Conclusions The results of this study suggest that individual- and area-level factors should be considered when studying variations in the use of prescription drugs. Some sources of such variations, including individual- and area-level socioeconomic status, warrant further investigation and possible intervention to address inequities.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: C > Canada
H > Health service
Subject Areas: Strategy and Entrepreneurship
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0015883
Date Deposited: 31 Aug 2017 14:49
Last Modified: 01 Sep 2017 09:26
URI: http://lbsresearch.london.edu/id/eprint/878

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