A Model of the Fed's View on Inflation

Hasenzagl, T, Pellegrino, F, Reichlin, L and Ricco, G (2018) A Model of the Fed's View on Inflation. Working Paper. Centre for Economic Policy Research. OPEN ACCESS


A view often expressed by the Fed is that three components matter in inflation dynamics: a trend anchored by long run inflation expectations; a cycle connecting nominal and real variables; and oil prices. This paper proposes an econometric structural model of inflation formalising this view. Our findings point to a stable expectational trend, a sizeable and well identified Phillips curve and an oil cycle which, contrary to the standard rational expectation model, affects inflation via expectations without being reflected in the output gap. The latter often overpowers the Phillips curve. In fact, the joint dynamics of the Phillips curve cycle and the oil cycles explain the inflation puzzles of the last ten years.

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Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Subject Areas: Economics
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2020 09:13
Date of first compliant deposit: 12 Mar 2020
Last Modified: 15 Jun 2021 19:11
URI: https://lbsresearch.london.edu/id/eprint/1391

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