Tax Competition and Employment

Glaeser, S, Olbert, M and Werner, A-C (2023) Tax Competition and Employment. Accounting Review, 98 (5). pp. 267-296. ISSN 0001-4826 OPEN ACCESS


We examine how exposure to international tax competition affects domestic firms’ employment. Consistent with prior work, we find evidence that reductions in foreign tax rates affect the domestic competitive environment via increases in import competition and investment in foreign-owned firms. We posit that these changes in the competitive environment can cause managers to reduce their firms’ employment levels. Consistent with our expectation, we find that relative decreases in foreign tax rates negatively affect total labor compensation at domestic firms ex ante exposed to import competition and competition from foreign-owned peers. The effect of exposure to tax competition is greater for firms more exposed to product market competition and those that are less able to expand investment without also increasing employment levels. Taken together, our results suggest that foreign tax rate changes can affect managers’ domestic employment decisions by changing the domestic competitive environment.

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Item Type: Article
Subject Areas: Accounting
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The authors gratefully acknowledge research support from the Leibniz ScienceCampus, Julius-Paul-Stiegler Gedaechtnis Foundation, and German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD IP ID4all).

Funder Name: Leibniz ScienceCampus EEGA, Julius-Paul-Stiegler Gedaechtnis Foundation, German Academic Exchange Service
Date Deposited: 25 Apr 2023 13:10
Date of first compliant deposit: 20 Dec 2022
Subjects: Competition
Taxation theory
Last Modified: 17 Mar 2024 01:44

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