Limited liability and bank herding

Acharya, V and Yorulmazer, T (2005) Limited liability and bank herding. Working Paper. London Business School IFA Working Paper.


We show that limited liability can induce profitmaximizing bank owners to herd with other banks. When bank loan returns have a systematic factor, the failure of one bank conveys adverse information about this systematic factor and increases the cost of borrowing for the surviving banks relative to the situation of no bank failures. Such information spillover is costly to profitmaximizing bank owners. Bank owners herd ex ante and undertake correlated investments to increase the likelihood of joint survival: given limited liability, bank owners are not concerned about the associated increase in the likelihood of joint failure. Competitive effects such as superior margins from lending to different industries and migration of depositors of a failed bank to the surviving bank mitigate herding incentives.

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Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Subject Areas: Finance
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2023 15:22
Last Modified: 06 Sep 2023 23:18

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