Made in academia: the effect of institutional origin on inventors' attention to science

Bikard, M (2018) Made in academia: the effect of institutional origin on inventors' attention to science. Organization Science, 29 (5). pp. 818-836. ISSN 1047-7039 OPEN ACCESS


Inventors cannot exploit new scientific discoveries if they do not pay attention to them. However, allocating attention to science is difficult because the scientific literature is vast, fast-changing, and often unreliable. Inventors are therefore likely to rely on informational cues when screening new publications. I posit that inventors pay significantly less attention to discoveries “made in academia” than to those “made in industry” because they believe that the work of academic scientists will be less useful to them. I test this proposition by examining inventors’ patent references to the scientific literature in the case of simultaneous discoveries made by at least one team based in academia and another based in industry. I find that inventors are 23% less likely to cite the academic paper than its twin from industry. My results highlight the importance of inventors’ attention as a hitherto underexplored bottleneck shaping the translation of science into new technologies.

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Item Type: Article
Subject Areas: Strategy and Entrepreneurship
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© 2018 INFORMS

Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2018 11:43
Date of first compliant deposit: 08 Mar 2018
Subjects: Patents
Last Modified: 24 May 2024 01:30

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