Perceiving Progress toward Social Equality: A Model of Signals and Sense-Making

Georgeac, O.A.M. and Rattan, A (2022) Perceiving Progress toward Social Equality: A Model of Signals and Sense-Making. Current Opinion in Psychology, 44. pp. 12-17. ISSN 2352-250X OPEN ACCESS


How do people evaluate how much social progress has been achieved, and how do these perceptions influence intergroup attitudes? We present a model summarizing the signals and sense-making that arise when people think about progress. We review the signals that shape progress perceptions when people observe individual exemplars of success from, or substantive advances for, negatively stereotyped groups. We also identify three types of stereotype-relevant cognitive schemas that can be disrupted, or exacerbated, as people work to make sense of social progress: bias and perceived threat, beliefs about persisting inequality, and support for further progress. We highlight the complexities of progress – a reversible, fragmented, and sometimes superficial process – that merit further study. We discuss implications for organizations and society.

More Details

Item Type: Article
Subject Areas: Organisational Behaviour
Additional Information:

© 2021 Elsevier. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-NC licence

Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2021 09:47
Date of first compliant deposit: 20 Sep 2021
Subjects: Inequality
Last Modified: 18 Jul 2024 01:48

Export and Share


Accepted Version - Text
  • Available under License


View details on Dimensions' website

Downloads from LBS Research Online

View details

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item